With NFL teams able to begin applying tags this coming Monday (through March 4), the time seems right on the money to begin taking a serious look at this year’s free-agency period, which officially opens for business March 12.
Featuring Super Bowl MVP Joe Flacco and seven Pro Bowl starters (counting Browns PK Phil Dawson, Chiefs P Dustin Colquitt and Redskins special-teamer Lorenzo Alexander), Pro Football Weekly editors have combined forces to identify the top 50 players regardless of position in what most people in the know consider one of the stronger crops in years — irrespective of the likelihood that at least a handful of ranked players will receive franchise tags.
Flacco, this year’s answer to the Saints’ Drew Brees, dominates a QB crop that is relatively short on star power compared to last season. But that could change quickly with signalcallers such as Alex Smith and Matt Flynn expected to become intriguing options in the coming weeks, most likely via the trade mart.
Interestingly, as is the case with the early consensus on the 2013 draft crop, the strength in this year’s free-agent crop appears to be in the trenches, with an abundance of solid offensive and defensive linemen ready to test the free-agent waters.
There also appears to be an appealing array of wide receivers expected to warrant more than just a passing interest — most notably Mike Wallace, Victor Cruz, Greg Jennings, Dwayne Bowe, Wes Welker and Danny Amendola.
In the following top-50 breakdown, years of experience are noted in parentheses after each player’s name.
1. QB Joe Flacco (5) / Ravens
Age: 28 (1/16/1985)
Agent: Joe Linta
Flacco turning down an extension last summer now looks like a stroke of genius, as the Super Bowl MVP produced one of the great postseason runs (11-0 TD-interception ratio) by a QB in NFL history. The game’s premier deep-ball thrower was inconsistent during the season, however, causing GM Ozzie Newsome much trepidation about giving Flacco a Brees- or Manning-sized deal. If a long-term contract isn’t struck before March, Flacco is almost certain to be slapped with the franchise tag.
2. OLT Ryan Clady (5) / Broncos
Age: 26 (9/6/1986)
Agent: Pat Dye
Clady and Peyton Manning helped each other immensely this past season. The steady, athletic left tackle did a fabulous job protecting Manning’s blind side — Clady surrendered just one sack in 16 starts — and Manning’s remarkable comeback campaign highlighted the necessity to have someone as dependable as Clady insuring Denver’s biggest asset. Whether a new deal is reached or Clady plays under the franchise tag in 2013, he isn’t going anywhere.
3. OLT Jake Long (5) / Dolphins
Age: 27 (5/9/1985)
Agent: Tom Condon
Long’s fifth season proved to be his toughest, as the former No. 1 overall pick struggled through injuries, allowing a career-worst seven sacks before going on injured reserve after 12 starts. He has now missed time each of the past two seasons and, with great tackle depth in free agency and the draft, the Dolphins have leverage, perhaps making it unlikely that Long gets the $10 million annually he’s reportedly seeking.
4. WR Mike Wallace (4) / Steelers
Age: 26 (8/1/1986)
Agent: James Cook
Wallace’s run in Pittsburgh appears to be over, as Steelers GM Kevin Colbert alluded to recently when he said big changes were on the horizon. There should be no shortage of interest for a speed merchant like Wallace, however. One of his most serious suitors could potentially be the division-rival Browns, who have almost $49 million in cap space and are looking for an offensive game-changer.
5. WR Victor Cruz (3 — RFA) / Giants
Age: 26: (11/11/1986)
Agent: Malik Hafeez Shareef
Cruz replaces Wallace as this year’s hottest commodity on the restricted-free-agent market after a second straight flashy season chock full of endzone salsa dances. But using the surprisingly lack of serious interest in Wallace last year as a barometer, it’s most likely that, short of a meeting of the minds on the contract front that appears unlikely any time soon, the Giants will take their chances securing Cruz’s services via the maximum RFA tender, which this year has been reduced to a single first-round pick (down from a first- and third-round pick previously). After ranking seventh in the NFC with 86 catches for 1,092 yards (12.7 ypc) and 10 TDs (19 the last two years), it’s a certainty that more than a few WR-starved teams will be tempted to at the very least consider giving up a first-round pick for a first-rate wideout.
6. OLB Paul Kruger (4) / Ravens
Age: 26 (2/15/1986)
Agent: David Dunn
One of the biggest keys to the defensive surge that helped propel the Ravens to a Super Bowl title was Kruger, who collected a team-high 13½ sacks, including 4½ in the postseason. The 26-year old ‘backer flourished once he was instructed to focus primarily on pinning his ears back and getting upfield, but he is a versatile player who also sets the edge and plays with great relentlessness.
7. DE Cliff Avril (5) / Lions
Age: 26 (4/8/1986)
Agent: Brian Mackler
Don’t be surprised if Avril is showered with multiple attractive offers from teams looking for premium pass-rush help after a strong 9½-sack season. Avril was franchised last year, and it’s very unlikely the Lions would fork over the $12.7 million necessary to franchise him for a second straight season. While he has indicated that he wouldn’t mind sticking in Detroit, Avril recently also said he wouldn’t mind prolonging his career by playing on a home grass field. The long-armed Avril has an explosive first step and can turn the corner quickly. He also has a playmaking flair, with a special knack for forcing fumbles (16 in five NFL seasons) as well as registering sacks.
8. OLB Anthony Spencer (6) / Cowboys
Age: 29 (1/23/1984)
Agent: Jordan Woy
After leading the Cowboys in tackles (95) and collecting a career-high 11 sacks, Spencer, who performed last season with an $8.8 million franchise tag, could be for hire to the tune of $10-12 million per year — a steep price for even Jerry Jones to consider paying. Spencer’s agent, Jordan Woy, recently said his client wants to stay in Dallas, despite new defensive coordinator Monte Kiffin’s intention to switch to a 4-3, in which case Spencer would switch to defensive end, the position he played at Purdue. But the smart money seems to be on Spencer ultimately opting for a change of scenery in what would likely be extremely green pastures.
9. DT Henry Melton (4) / Bears
Age: 26 (10/11/1986)
Agent: Jordan Woy
Melton, who has beefed up his frame considerably the last four seasons, blossomed into one of the league’s best interior defenders this past season, earning a starting berth in the Pro Bowl after registering six sacks and applying steady pressure as an excellent inside complement to Julius Peppers. With relative youth on his side in what is overall an aging defense, the Bears are expected to go out of their way to keep Melton on board. But early indications from league insiders are that Melton could be one of the most sought-after free-agent defenders.
10. CB Brent Grimes (5) / Falcons
Age: 29 (7/19/1983)
Agent: Ben Dogra
While the season-ending Achilles injury that Grimes suffered in Week One could be the Achilles heel in any serious effort to re-sign him, it’s assumed the Falcons would like to hang on to their top cornerback in a perfect world. Undrafted out of Shippensburg University in 2007, Grimes has started 44 games for the Falcons with 13 interceptions. He had a combined 11 interceptions in 2009 and 2010, and was an alternate Pro Bowl pick in 2010. Grimes, who was franchised last season, moved to right cornerback after the Falcons acquired Asante Samuel in a trade with the Eagles.
11. WR Greg Jennings (7) / Packers
Age: 29 (9/21/1983)
Agent: Eugene Parker
Arguably the game’s smoothest route runner when healthy, Jennings, who has put his swanky home in the Green Bay area up for sale, appears on a free-agent route out of town after the Packers managed to hold up quite well for the half a season he missed in 2012 with a nagging core-muscle injury. With impressive numbers on his résumé (425-6,537-53), Jennings is said to have his sights set on a deal similar to the five-year, $55.5 million deal Vincent Jackson received from the Buccaneers last season. But his injury problems the last two seasons could make Jennings too rich for a lot of teams’ blood.
12. FS Dashon Goldson (6) / 49ers
Age: 28 (9/18/1984)
Agent: Ben Dogra
The hard-hitting Goldson is coming off his best season, some noteworthy late-postseason breakdowns notwithstanding. After earning a starting Pro Bowl berth and leading the Niners with three interceptions and ranking third and fifth in passes defended (11) and tackles (109, according to team stats), respectively, the Niners are expected to go out of their way to bring him back, especially after publicly receiving head coach Jim Harbaugh’s backing after the Super Bowl. A second-straight franchise tag at a cost of about $7.45 million is not too unruly, it would seem, but Goldson has been adamant about wanting a long-term deal.
13. WR Dwayne Bowe (6) / Chiefs
Age: 28 (9/21/1984)
Agent: Todd France
At 6-2, 221 pounds, Bowe looks every bit the part of a bona fide No. 1 wideout. But since leading the NFL with 15 receiving TDs in 2010, he’s managed just eight the past two seasons combined. Instability under center is a contributing factor, but so is Bowe’s moody temperament and hot-and-cold motor, which is sure to scare some teams away.
14. CB Aqib Talib (5) / Patriots
Age: 27 (2/13/1986)
Agent: Todd France
Twenty-seven-year old corners with the size and playmaking ability of Talib aren’t typically available on the free-agent market. His press-man capability made Bill Belichick’s defense a lot more flexible late last season, but his myriad off-field red flags are what made him available via trade and could hurt his marketability this spring.
15. RB Reggie Bush (7) / Dolphins
Age: 27 (3/2/1985)
Agent: Joel Segal
In an age where bellcow backs are quickly becoming a thing of the past, Bush’s workload limitations are minimized. He will never tote it 300 times in a season, but Bush is a versatile, explosive offensive weapon that will appeal to pass-heavy offenses in search of playmakers. Miami’s interest in re-signing Bush is reportedly tepid.
16. DE Michael Johnson (4) / Bengals
Age: 26 (2/7/1987)
Agent: Rick Smith
Johnson’s 11½ sacks ranked second on the Bengals behind only Geno Atkins in 2012, making him arguably Cincinnati’s top free-agent priority. Young, explosive edge rushers like Johnson are precious commodities, and with only one season as a full-time starter under his belt, Johnson’s arrow is pointing up.
17. WR Wes Welker (9) / Patriots
Age: 31 (5/1/1981)
Agent: David Dunn
Welker was among the NFL’s most prolific wideouts the past six seasons as part of New England’s quick-hitting, highly efficient passing game, triggered by Tom Brady. But there are some who feel Welker was partially a product of the system (including Bill Belichick?), and he’s had key drops in crucial moments each of the past two postseasons.
18. OG Andy Levitre (4) / Bills
Age: 26 (5/15/1986)
Agent: Camron Kent Hahn
There are starting-caliber left tackles aplenty in this year’s free-agent crop, yet future Hall of Fame personnel man Bill Polian ranks Levitre as the top free-agent blocker. Smart, athletic and highly durable, Levitre can play in a phone booth or in space with great success.
19. ILB Dannell Ellerbe (4) / Ravens
Age: 27 (11/29/1985)
Agent: Hadley Engelhard
Most league observers acknowledge that Ellerbe, not future Hall of Famer Ray Lewis, was Baltimore’s best inside ‘backer in 2012. Effective against both the run and pass, Ellerbe plays the game with his hair on fire and could be the heir apparent to Lewis if the price is right.
20. OT Sebastian Vollmer (4) / Patriots
Age: 28 (7/10/1984)
Agent: Ben Dogra
There is a lot to like about the German-born Vollmer, who has been a key cog in the consistent offensive lines the Patriots have fielded since his arrival in 2009. Vollmer’s greatest strength is his versatility; he can be dominant on the right side, but also nimble and athletic enough to protect Brady’s blind side.
21. DE Michael Bennett (4) / Buccaneers
Age: 27 (11/13/1985)
Agent: Drew Rosenhaus
An undrafted free agent, Bennett made a quantum leap last season, soaring to new heights with nine sacks. With cap money to burn, the odds are strong that the Bucs will pay a deservedly pretty penny to keep this ascending performer in Tampa Bay. It’s quite possible those pennies could be in the form of a roughly $11 million franchise-tag expenditure, which would mark the first time the Bucs would use the franchise tag since 2009.
22. S Jairus Byrd (4) / Bills
Age: 26 (10/7/1986)
Agent: Eugene Parker
After four NFL seasons, Byrd is tied for third in the NFL in interceptions (18), including tying for an AFC-best five in 2012. Not only does he have a knack for getting his hands on the football and making high-impact plays, Byrd is strong in run support and rarely in the wrong place. The Bills are unlikely to let the two-time Pro Bowler fly out of Buffalo this offseason.
23. DT Roy Miller (4) / Buccaneers
Age: 25 (7/9/1987)
Agent: Mike McCartney
A disruptive force as a tilted nose who opened things up for teammate Gerald McCoy, Miller was a key cog in the Bucs’ No. 1 run defense. The 6-2, 310-pound former third-round pick flourished mostly on first and second downs in a scheme particularly well-suited to his physical style. It would appear the Bucs have more than enough bucks to bring back both Miller and fellow free-agent DL Michael Bennett.
24. OT Sam Baker (5) / Falcons
Age: 27 (5/30/1985)
Agent: Tom Condon
Baker was dependable for the most part protecting Matt Ryan’s blindside, and his familiarity with the Falcons’ system and relative affordability make it likely he will be re-signed. But don’t discount the Falcons at least exploring other options from what is considered an excellent free-agent OT crop.
25. RB Steven Jackson (9 — voidable) / Rams
Age: 29 (7/22/1983)
Agent: Eugene Parker
The odds according to inside sources are currently 50-50 that the Rams’ longtime undisputed offensive centerpiece will remain with the team. Jackson is expected to void his contract to test the market, and it will boil down to just how much the Rams are willing to pay a 29-year-old back who is a very proven commodity but with a lot of tread off his tires. The Rams will not keep Jackson unless they can decrease his current cap count of $8.9 million, which includes a $7 million base salary.
26. CB Cary Williams (4) / Ravens
Age: 28 (12/23/1984)
Agent: Marc Lillibridge
Known mostly outside of Baltimore for his two-handed shove of linesman Steve Stelljes in the Super Bowl that went unpunished, Williams has been a consistent part of the Ravens’ defense, starting the past 38 games (including postseason) and exhibiting good ball skills and physicality in run support.
27. CB Sean Smith (4) / Dolphins
Age: 25 (7/14/1987)
Agent: David Canter
The Dolphins showed a lot of confidence in Smith prior to the 2012 season, shipping Vontae Davis to Indianapolis and effectively making Smith the No. 1 CB. After early-season success, Smith’s play declined sharply, though, and he reportedly is not a candidate for the franchise tag. A terrific size-speed prospect, Smith has plenty of untapped potential, but just five interceptions in 56 career starts.
28. DT Randy Starks (9) / Dolphins
Age: 29 (12/14/1983)
Agent: Anthony Paige
One-half of Miami’s formidable tackle pairing, Starks tallied 4½ sacks and four batted balls in 2012 while starting all 16 games for the third time in the past four seasons. Clogging the middle and providing inside penetration isn’t a glamorous gig, but Starks has been doing it well for a long time.
29. OT Branden Albert (5) / Chiefs
Age: 28 (11/4/1984)
Agent: Joseph M. Flanagan
Although he struggled with a back injury, Albert is coming off his best season as a pro, in which he surrendered just one sack in 11 starts. The Chiefs have expressed interest in re-signing Albert — and potentially sliding him inside — but he believes he is solely a left tackle.
30. TE Jared Cook (4) / Titans
Age: 25 (4/7/1987)
Agent: Christina M. Phillips
Players with the type of rare, God-given talents of Cook are allowed a longer learning curve. While the Titans are still waiting for his true breakout campaign, Cook likely will receive the tag if a long-term deal isn’t inked. He has tremendous speed to threaten the seam and leaping ability and strength to outmuscle the ball from DBs.
31. OT Andre Smith (4) / Bengals
Age: 26 (1/25/1987)
Agent: Ben Dogra
The light clicked on at the right time for Smith, who, after three underachieving seasons, became the road-grading right tackle the Bengals envisioned after spending the sixth overall pick on him in 2009. However, one year of production — particularly in a contract year — will scare some GMs away.
32. OLB Shaun Phillips (9) / Chargers
Age: 31 (5/13/1981)
Agent: Andrew Kessler
Phillips bounced back from a down 2011 to post 9½ sacks, raising his career total to 69½, but he’s clearly a player on the decline. More than half of his 2012 sack production came in two games, and his greatest value at this juncture could be as a situational pass rusher in an odd-fronted defense.
33. TE Dennis Pitta (3 — RFA) / Ravens
Age: 27 (6/29/1985)
Agent: Justin Schulman
Pitta doesn’t exactly embody the new generation of athletic, seam-stretching TEs, but he is coming off a career year (61-669-7) in which he was a consistent safety valve for Joe Flacco in the intermediate passing game. A restricted free agent, Pitta most likely will be back in purple and black in ’13.
34. OT Jermon Bushrod (6) / Saints
Age: 28 (8/19/1984)
Agent: Richard Rosa
Despite being a rock-solid starter in every game the last three seasons on one of the league’s most highly regarded offensive lines, the Saints are not expected to make re-signing Bushrod a top priority due to significant cap constraints. He gets pushed back by bull-rushers on occasion but is, by all accounts, a quality lineman who could have a lot of suitors coming his way this March.
35. TE Tony Gonzalez (16) / Falcons
Age: 36 (2/27/1976)
Agent: Tom Condon
Coming off another routine Pro Bowl season, Gonzalez would be ranked much higher on this list if not for the fact that he is in the absolute twilight of a likely Hall of Fame career. Gonzalez emphatically proved that he could still be a dynamic force in the Falcons’ deep playoff run this season, but if he were to decide to continue playing one more season, which at the moment does not seem likely, it’s a virtual certainty he would be doing so for the Falcons.
36. S Ed Reed (11) / Ravens
Age: 34 (9/11/1978)
Agent: Self represented
Age and injury concerns aside, Reed still has the instincts and athleticism to be a playmaker. The future Hall of Famer has reportedly been linked to both New England and Indianapolis, and with Baltimore’s significant salary-cap constraints, it is likely he has played his last down as a Raven. Odds are strong that there are more than a few teams potentially banking on Reed providing the same kind of impact on a new team as fellow top-line safety Brian Dawkins provided in Denver after previously flourishing in Philly.
37. ILB Brian Urlacher (13) / Bears
Age: 34 (5/25/1978)
Agent: Pat Dye
The legendary speed and playmaking ability that made Urlacher a future Hall of Famer are long gone, but he still has the headiness and leadership qualities to get his teammates lined up and be a presence in the middle of the field. But Urlacher missed the final four games last season with a hamstring injury, and he never appeared fully recovered from the knee injury that forced him to miss virtually all of training camp. With a new regime in Chicago, it remains to be seen if Urlacher is part of the plan moving forward.
38. WR Danny Amendola (4) / Rams
Age: 27 (11/2/1985)
Agent: Erik Burkhardt
Previously considered a poor man’s version of Wes Welker, Amendola burst out of the chute this season like gangbusters, looking like he had what it took to be a bona fide No. 1 receiver with quickness, speed, toughness and excellent hands. But an assortment of injuries to different body parts sidelined him for five games and limited him in three others. After playing in only 12 of the Rams’ last 32 games due to injuries, the Rams could steer clear of Amendola, who many believe could fetch as much as $6 million per year on the open market. That said, he is definitely QB Sam Bradford’s most reliable target.
39. S William Moore (4) / Falcons
Age: 27 (5/18/1985)
Agent: Andrew Ross
Moore has been a productive starting strong safety for the Falcons the last three years (11 interceptions) and has decent size. He is expected to attract a fair share of interest on the open market, despite some injury issues, but with fellow free-agent S Chris Hope unlikely to re-sign, the Falcons probably won’t let Moore split the scene without a fight.
40. RB Ahmad Bradshaw (6) / Giants (waived Feb. 6)
Age: 26 (3/19/1986)
Agent: Drew Rosenhaus
Having become expendable due to the emergence of rookie first-rounder David Wilson, Bradshaw was recently cut loose by the Giants and could turn out to be a giant sleeper in the free-agent market if he’s healthy. Of course, that’s a big if, with the talented back on the mend from an operation to repair multiple breaks to his right foot. Coming off a 1,015-yard campaign at age 26, Bradshaw, whose toughness is well-documented, should draw decent interest, having played on two Super Bowl championship teams and leading the team in rushing each of the last three seasons.
41. WR Brian Hartline (4) / Dolphins
Age: 26 (11/22/1986)
Agent: Drew Rosenhaus
Hartline emerged in 2012 as rookie QB Ryan Tannehill’s most trusted target, hauling in 74 grabs for 1,083 yards. However, he only found the endzone once and, while Hartline has very good hands, he’s ideally suited as a No. 2 opposite someone who can take the top off a defense. The Fins, who have considerable money under the cap, have reportedly expressed interest in re-signing Hartline.
42. TE Delanie Walker (7) / 49ers
Age: 28 (8/12/1984)
Agent: Vincent L. Taylor
A backup to Vernon Davis who most talent evaluators believe is talented enough to have been a starter for more than half of the league’s teams, Walker shapes up as one of the more intriguing players on the free-agent market. Able to also line up at wide receiver, fullback, running back and even right tackle, Walker offers considerable versatility, in addition to having turned himself into an excellent blocker. He did have problems holding on to the ball this past season (team-high 11 drops), but he came through more often than not, including in the Super Bowl, when he caught three passes for 48 yards and made a key block on Frank Gore’s TD run.
43. OG Lance Louis (4) / Bears
Age: 27 (4/24/1985)
Agent: Bruce Tollner
Louis was the Bears’ most consistent lineman before suffering a gruesome, season-ending knee injury in Week 12, courtesy of a blind-side block from Jared Allen following a Jay Cutler interception. If the Bears feel comfortable in his rehabilitation, Louis likely will be re-signed, as the offensive line is undoubtedly Chicago’s greatest need, and Louis has proven he can be effective.
44. S Louis Delmas (4) / Lions
Age: 25 (4/12/1987)
Agent: Jason Rosenhaus
Delmas’ youth and great pure natural talent are key assets the Lions are expected to seriously take into account. When he’s been on the field, he has clearly been a major difference maker with a knack for cleaning up after other players’ mistakes. But the fact he has missed big chunks of the last two seasons (13 starts) due to injury are cause for concern. It will be interesting to see how much his injury history diminishes his stock on the open market.
45. TE Fred Davis (5) / Redskins
Age: 27 (1/15/1986)
Agent: Drew Rosenhaus
Davis, who put up good enough numbers in 2011 to warrant the Redskins’ franchise tag last season, got off to a slow start in 2012. Just when it looked like he might be starting to regain his 2011 form, he ruptured his left ACL. Provided he has a clean bill of health, it’s possible the Redskins could consider giving Davis a second-straight franchise tag, which would translate into a relatively affordable $6.5 million investment. Davis remains determined to show that the marijuana usage that led to a four-game suspension two seasons ago is no longer a problem, but it’s quite likely teams possibly interested in signing him will look long and hard at his past indiscretions.
46. QB Matt Moore (6) / Dolphins
Age: 28 (8/9/1984)
Agent: G. Lynn Lashbrook
After a respectable showing in his first season in South Beach, in which he started 12 games and posted a QB rating of 87.1, Moore lost his starting job to Ryan Tannehill in 2012. Because of the dearth of QBs with starting experience, he could receive an opportunity to compete in camp for a QB-needy team.
47. FB Jerome Felton (5) / Vikings
Age: 26 (7/3/1986)
Agent: Sean Howard
Earning his first Pro Bowl after providing excellent blocking all season for NFL leading rusher Adrian Peterson, Felton would like to re-sign with the Vikings if he had his druthers. But he is expected to seriously assess his value on the open market. Felton appreciates the fact the Vikings took him in after he failed to cut the mustard on multiple teams in 2011 and also supported him after an offseason arrest on suspicion of DUI. After excelling last season at an affordable position, it would be a surprise if he doesn’t re-sign with the Vikings.
48. LB Lorenzo Alexander (6) / Redskins
Age: 29 (5/31/1983)
Agent: John Rickert
Don’t underestimate the value of this Pro Bowl special-teamer, who led the NFL with 19 special-teams tackles and has been consistently considered among the league’s best special-team tacklers. A major force despite often being double- and even triple-teamed, Alexander turned his game up a notch this past season after gaining speed following a major weight loss.
49. PK Phil Dawson (14) / Browns
Age: 38 (1/23/1975)
Agent: Neil Cornrich
The Browns’ longest-tenured player and a 2012 Pro Bowler, Dawson converted a career-best 29-of-31 FGs (93.5 percent), including an incredible 7-of-7 from 50-plus. He wasn’t nearly as effective kicking off, however, producing just 30 touchbacks on 77 kickoffs (39 percent).
50. P Dustin Colquitt (8) / Chiefs
Age: 30 (5/6/1982)
Agent: James Sexton
Forty-five of Colquitt’s 83 punts landed inside the 20, helping him notch Pro Bowl honors. What’s more, Colquitt had a booming 46.8-yard average, showing off his leg strength as much as his directional punting prowess. New special-teams coordinator Dave Toub has expressed interest in coaching Colquitt.